Doctors give trusted answers on uses, effects, side-effects, and cautions: dr killian on effects of cocaine on teeth: cocaine (either snorted as powder or smoked as crack) produces a powerful high, that users describe as very pleasurable. Cocaine raises the risk of serious heart problems and even of sudden death in people who use it because of its range of cardiovascular effects, which include sharp increases in heart rate and narrowing (constriction) of blood vessels. Cocaine dependence is a psychological desire to use cocaine regularly cocaine overdose may result in cardiovascular and brain damage , such as: constricting blood vessels in the brain, causing strokes and constricting arteries in the heart causing heart attacks.
Cocaine use and its effects (blended media) frames content slideshow with pictures of people voice over: explaining what is. Describes the latest research findings on cocaine, exploring the scope of abuse in the us, its potential long- and short-term health effects, maternal cocaine use, and treatment approaches read more. Cocaine use by pregnant women has a variety of effects on the embryo and fetus, ranging from various gastro-intestinal and cardiac defects to tissue death from insufficient blood supply thus, cocaine has been termed a teratogen, or an agent that causes defects in fetuses during prenatal development.
2 table of contents cocaine what is cocaine what is the scope of cocaine use in the united states how is cocaine used how does cocaine produce its effects. Cocaine is addictive due to its effect on the reward pathway in the brain after a short period of use, there is a high risk that dependence will occur  its use also increases the risk of stroke , myocardial infarction , lung problems in those who smoke it, blood infections , and sudden cardiac death. Dependency on cocaine is thus closely related to its effect on the neurons of the reward circuit general links about cocaine: for a description of the effects of cocaine and the risks of dependency associated with it, click on the following links. A coke high lasts only minutes the effects of cocaine addiction can last a lifetime this highly addictive drug is extracted from a south american plant this plant's leaves have been chewed or brewed in tea for centuries as part of indigenous cultures and ceremonies.
Cocaine abuse & addiction a great amount of research has been devoted to understanding the way cocaine produces its pleasurable effects, and the reasons it is so. Cocaine is the popular name for the illegal, addictive chemical ethylbenzoylecgonine (known in its powdered form as cocaine hydrochloride and in its modified, rocklike form as crack) when inhaled nasally, smoked, eaten or injected, it produces a form of central nervous stimulation that closely resembles the central nervous system effects. The cessation of cocaine use and introduction of healthy habits may be able to aid in reversing some of these damaging effects cocaine may actually cause the brain to age prematurely and reduce its grey matter volume, especially in the regions related to memory and executive cognitive functions, psychology today reports. Cocaine and its negative side effects by julie myers, psyd, mscp licensed clinical psychologist in san diego wwwdrjuliemyerscom as with other drugs, cocaine affects the nerve cells of the ventral segmental area, which extends into the nucleus accumbens, one of the reward centers of the brain.
This increase of dopamine is, in part, what leads to the subjective high of cocaine use and its addictive power the high experienced after use is accompanied by a number of desired effects, including. Learn about cocaine addiction cocaine is a very expensive way to get high the price of the drug has clearly contributed to its mystique among the rich and famous, who have glamorized a very potent, very dangerous, and illegal stimulant. The history of cocaine dates back thousands of years, first being used for medicinal purposes and later for its stimulant and euphoric effects.
The effects of cocaine use on your skin oct 28 but one subject that is not talked about much when it comes to the detriments of cocaine use is its impact on the. Cocaine is a drug, both used medically and illegally, primarily known for its euphoric effects it essentially affects the physical and mental processes of the body and brain cocaine can be a dangerous drug to play with, and the influence of it changes lives. Both cocaine and crack cocaine can cause brain damage, even when used only a few times damage to brain structures can trigger addiction, which is a disease involving the reward circuits and dopamine systems. According to the national institute on drug abuse, the effects of cocaine on the human body range from mild to severe to life threatening, even with a single use of the powerfully addictive drug.
Cocaine has been around for many years, and its modern form dates back to the 1800s it was originally intended for use during medical procedures as it can act as a powerful pain medication or anesthetic cocaine is derived from a plant known as the coca shrub found in south america cocaine is. The american heart association explains that cocaine and other drug use can cause damage in addition to addiction, the side effects and risks associated with use. Cocaine is the most potent stimulant of natural origin this substance can be snorted, smoked or injected pure cocaine was first used in the 1880s in eye, nose, and throat surgeries as an anesthetic and for its ability to constrict blood vessels and limit bleeding. Long-term cocaine effects on the nose pictures show septal perforation and massive nasal collapse from super infection of the nasal skeleton after cocaine use.